Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana

Family:Betulaceae
Species:Carpinus caroliniana Walter ssp. virginiana (Marsh.) Furlow
Common Name:American hornbeam, blue beech, musclewood, ironwood
Habitat:An understory small tree in deciduous forests. It does best in wet-mesic soils, lower parts of slopes, and stream banks. Also occurs in swamps and mesic forests. It can become a dominant understory tree in these habitats.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree, Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S5 (State Rank), G5T5 (Global Rank)
References:**

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division Magnoliophyta - Flowering Plants
Class Magnoliopsida
Sub Class Hamamelidae
Order Fagales
FamilyBetulaceae
Genus Carpinus
Species Carpinus caroliniana Walter ssp. virginiana (Marsh.) Furlow - American hornbeam, blue beech, musclewood, ironwood

Citation

Citation Carpinus caroliniana subsp. virginiana (Marshall) Furlow, Syst. Bot. 12: 429. 1987.
Basionym: Carpinus betulus Linnaeus [var.] virginiana Marshall, Arbust. Amer., 25. 1785
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyYearHerbariaNotesSubmission Info
Albany  NYFA_1990    
Allegany  NYFA_1990    
Bronx  NYFA_1990    
Bronx1895 BKL
BKL00009317
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Bronx1891 BKL
BKL00009307
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Bronx1994 BKL
BKL00018016
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Bronx1977 BKL
BKL00030139
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Bronx1895 BKL
BKL00009292
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Bronx1982 BKL
BKL00017536
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Bronx1910 BKL
BKL00009313
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Broome  NYFA_1990    
Cattaraugus  NYFA_1990    
Chemung  NYFA_1990    
Chenango  NYFA_1990    
Columbia  NYFA_1990    
Delaware  NYFA_1990    
Dutchess  NYFA_1990    
Dutchess1996 BKL
BKL00007073
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Dutchess1996 BKL
BKL00007145
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Erie  NYFA_1990    
Essex  NYFA_1990    
Fulton2007 NYS
417
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  12/22/2009 - Donna Vogler
Fulton2007 FMCC
417
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  12/22/2009 - Donna Vogler
Genesee  NYFA_1990    
Greene1932 BKL
BKL00045814
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1886 BKL
BKL00045817
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings  NYFA_1990    
Kings1937 BKL
BKL00009304
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1937 BKL
BKL00009305
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1896 BKL
BKL00009303
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Livingston  NYFA_1990    
Madison  NYFA_1990    
Monroe  NYFA_1990    
Montgomery  NYFA_1990    
Nassau1905 BKL
BKL00009297
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
New York1989 BKL
BKL00018092
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Niagara  NYFA_1990    
Oneida  NYFA_1990    
Onondaga  NYFA_1990    
Ontario  NYFA_1990    
Orange  NYFA_1990    
Orange1993 BKL
BKL00009314
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1991 BKL
BKL00015545
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1991 BKL
BKL00030135
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange2002 BKL
BKL00022954
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1995 BKL
BKL00015527
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1992 BKL
BKL00015535
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1904 BKL
BKL00009302
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1994 BKL
BKL00009296
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange2000 BKL
BKL00013114
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1995 BKL
BKL00015532
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1993 BKL
BKL00009315
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1992 BKL
BKL00009295
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1994 BKL
BKL00015543
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1991 BKL
BKL00030134
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1994 BKL
BKL00015539
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1992 BKL
BKL00009310
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange2005 BKL
BKL00051727
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orleans  NYFA_1990    
Oswego2007 RCFS
accession # 13220
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
  11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Oswego  NYFA_1990    
Otsego2005 SUCO Town of Oneonta  
Putnam1994 BKL
BKL00015540
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Putnam1994 BKL
BKL00015536
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1993 BKL
BKL00090734
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1885 BKL
BKL00009298
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens  NYFA_1990    
Rensselaer1994 BKL
BKL00045809
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rensselaer  NYFA_1990    
Richmond1910 BKL
BKL00009312
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond1910 BKL
BKL00009291
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond1885 BKL
BKL00009308
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond1908 BKL
BKL00009293
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland1876 BKL
BKL00009311
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland1886 BKL
BKL00099409
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland1994 BKL
BKL00015542
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland1995 BKL
BKL00015528
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland1995 BKL
BKL00015531
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland  NYFA_1990    
Saratoga  NYFA_1990    
Schenectady  NYFA_1990    
Schuyler  NYFA_1990    
Schuyler1988 BKL
BKL00100336
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
St. Lawrence1996 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
  10/7/2008 - Anne Johnson
St. Lawrence1916 BKL
BKL00045813
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1920 BKL
BKL00009299
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk2000 BKL
BKL00012406
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1914 BKL
BKL00009309
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk2000 BKL
BKL00012288
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1925 BKL
BKL00009300
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk  NYFA_1990    
Sullivan1986 BKL
BKL00045810
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Sullivan1991 BKL
BKL00045811
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Tioga  NYFA_1990    
Tompkins  NYFA_1990    
Ulster  NYFA_1990    
Ulster2011 BKL
BKL00101361
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Ulster2008 BKL
BKL00091616
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Ulster2011 BKL
BKL00099878
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Ulster2009 BKL
BKL00093721
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Ulster2011 BKL
BKL00099607
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Warren  NYFA_1990    
Washington  NYFA_1990    
Washington1917 BKL
BKL00045812
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Washington1914 BKL
BKL00045815
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1888 BKL
BKL00030138
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1992 BKL
BKL00009306
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1994 BKL
BKL00015544
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1895 BKL
BKL00009294
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1966 BKL
BKL00009316
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester2000 BKL
BKL00012473
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Westchester1995 BKL
BKL00015533
Herbarium Name Used: Carpinus caroliniana
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Yates  NYFA_1990    

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymTypeNotes
Carpinus betulus var. virginiana Carpinus betulus Linnaeus [var.] virginiana Marshall, Arbust. Amer., 25. 1785   
Carpinus caroliniana var. virginiana Carpinus caroliniana Walter var. virginiana (Marsh.) FernaldCarpinus betulus Linnaeus [var.] virginiana Marshall, Arbust. Amer., 25. 1785  
Carpinus virginiana Carpinus virginiana (Marshall) Sudworth 1893, not Miller 1768Carpinus betulus Linnaeus [var.] virginiana Marshall, Arbust. Amer., 25. 1785