About the Atlas - References

 

Literature Cited

Aedo, C. 2000. The genus Geranium L. (Geraniaceae) in North America. I. Annual species. Anales Jardín Botánico de Madrid 58: 39-82.

-----. 2001. The genus Geranium L. (Geraniaceae) in North America II. Perennial species. Anales Jardín Botánico de Madrid 59: 3-65.

Ahles, H.E. 1951. Interesting weeds in New York City. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 78: 266-269.

Allred, K.W. 1984. Studies in the genus Aristida (Gramineae) of the southeastern United States. I. Spikelet variation in A. purpurescens, A. tenuispica, and A. virgata. Rhodora 86: 73-77.

Allred, K.W. 2003. Aristida L. Pages 315-342 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 25, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----. 2007. Dactylis L. Pages 482-483 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, L. Anderton, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 24, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----. and M.E. Barkworth. 2007. Anthoxanthum L. Pages 758-764 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee and M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, L. Anderton, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, north of Mexico, Volume 24, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Al-Shehbaz, I.A. and J.L. Zarucchi. 2007. Boechera dentata is the correct name for B. Shortii (Brassicaceae). Harvard Papers in Botany 13: 293-294.

Anderson, S.J. 2003. Zoysia. Pages 281-284 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 25, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Anonymous. 1881. Proceedings of the Torrey Club. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 8: 132.

Argus, G.W. 1986. The Genus Salix (Salicaceae) in the southeastern United States. Systematic Botany Monographs 9: 1-170.

-----. 1986b. Studies of the Salix lucida and Salix reticulata complexes in North America. Canadian Journal of Botany 64: 541-551.

-----. 2010. Salix L. Pages 23-162 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 7, Magnoliophyta: Salicaceae to Brassicaceae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Arrington, J. and K. Kubitzki. 2003. Cistaceae. Pages 62-70 in K. Kubitzki and C. Bayer (editors), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Volume V. Flowering Plants Dicotyledons. Malvales, Capparales, and Non-betaliain Caryophyllales. Springer, Berlin, Germany.

Atha, D.E., M.H. Nee, and R.F.C. Naczi. 2010. Persicaria extremiorientalis (Polygonaceae) is established in the flora of the eastern United States of America. The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 137: 333-338.

Azuma, H., L.B. Thien, and S. Kawano. 1999. Molecular phylogeny of Magnolia (Magnoliaceae) inferred from cpDNA sequences and evolutionary divergence of the floral scents. Journal of Plant Research 112: 291-306.

-----, R.B. Figlar, P. Del Tredici, K. Camelbeke, A. Palmarola-Bejerano, and M.S. Romanov. 2011. Intraspecific sequence variation of cpDNA shows two distinct groups within Magnolia virginiana L. of eastern North America and Cuba. Castanea 76: 118–123.

Baldwin, B.G. and J.L. Strother. 2006. Madia Molina. Pages 303-308 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 21, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 8: Asteraceae, part 3. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Ball, P.W. 2003. Salicornia L. Pages 382-384 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 4, Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllidae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Barkley, T.M. 2006. Senecio Linnaeus. Pages 544-570 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 20, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 7: Asteraceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Barkworth, M.E. 1997. Taxonomic and nomenclatural comments on the Triticeae in North America. Phytologia 83: 302-311.

-----. 2007. Agropyron Gaertn. Pages 277-280 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee and M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, L. Anderton, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 24, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

----- and L.K. Anderton. 2007. Glyceria R. Br. Pages 68-88 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, L. Anderton, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 24, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----, L.K. Anderton, J. McGrew, and D.E. Giblin. 2006. Geography and morphology of the Bromus carinatus (Poaceae: Bromeae) complex. Madroño 53: 233-243.

Barringer, K. 1997. Aristolochiaceae Jussieu. Pages 45-50 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 3, Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Barrington, D. 1986. The morphology and cytology of Polystichum x potteri hybr. nov. (= P. acrostichoides x P. braunii). Rhodora 88: 297-313.

Beal, E.O. 1956. Taxonomic revision of the genus Nuphar Sm. of North America and Europe. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 72: 317-346.

------, J.W. Wooten, and R.B. Kaul. 1982. Review of the Sagittaria engelmanniana complex (Alismataceae) with environmental correlations. Systematic Botany 7: 417-432.

Beckwith, F. and M.E. Macauley. 1896. Plants of Monroe County, New York, and Adjacent Territory. Proceedings of the Rochester Academy of Science 3: 1-150.

-----, ------, and M. S. Baxter. 1910. Plants of Monroe County, New York, and Adjacent Territory. Supplementary list. Proceedings of the Rochester Academy of Science 5: 1-38.

-----, ------, and ------. 1917. Plants of Monroe County, New York, and Adjacent Territory. Second supplementary list. Proceedings of the Rochester Academy of Science 5: 59-121.

Belyaeva, I. 2009. Nomenclature of Salix fragilis L. and a new species, S. euxina (Salicaceae). Taxon 58: 1344-1348.

Blake, S.F. 1921. Revision of the genus Acanthospermum. The Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 20: 383-392.

Bogler, D.J. 2006. Prenanthes Linnaeus. Pages 264-271 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 20, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 6: Asteraceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Brandenburg, D.M., J.R. Estes, and J.W. Thieret. 1991. Hard grass (Sclerochloa dura, Poaceae) in the United States. Sida 14: 369–376.

Britton, N.L. 1884. The Range of Phoradendron. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 11: 76.

------, and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British possessions. Second edition. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, NY, USA.

Brouillet, L., J.C. Semple, G.A. Allen, K.L. Chambers, and S.D. Sundberg. 2006. Symphyotrichum Nees. Pages 465-539 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 20, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 7: Asteraceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Brown, A. 1879. Ballast Plants in New York City and its Vicinity. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 6: 353-360.

Brullo, S. and P. Pavone. 1985. Taxonomic considerations on the genus Desmazeria (Gramineae) with description of a new species: Desmazeria pignattii. Willdenowia 15: 99-106.

Brummitt, R.K. 1986. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 30. Taxon 35: 556-563.

Brunton, D.F. and D.M. Britton. 2006. Isoetes x novae-angliae (Isoetaceae), an additional hybrid quillwort from New England. Rhodora 108: 228–241.

Buddell, G. F. II and J.W. Thieret. 1997. Saururaceae E. Meyer. Pages 37-38 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 3, Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Burnham, S.H., and R.A. Latham. 1923. Flora of the town of Southold, Long Island. Third supplementary list, part 2. Torreya 23: 25-31.

Camp, W.H. 1942. A survey of the American species of Vaccinium, subgenus Euvaccinium. Brittonia 4: 205-247.

Campbell, J.J.N. 2000. Notes on North American Elymus species (Poaceae) with paired spikelets: I. E. macgregorii sp. nov. and E. glaucus ssp. mackenzii comb. nov. Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science 61: 88-98.

Caplen, C.A. and C.R. Werth. 2000. Isozymes of the Isoetes riparia complex, II. Ancestry and relationships of polyploids. Systematic Botany 25: 260–280.

Chemisquy, M.A., L.M. Giussani, M.A. Scataglini, E.A. Kellogg, and O. Morrone. 2010. Phylogenetic studies favour the unification of Pennisetum, Cenchrus and Odontelytrum (Poaceae): a combined nuclear, plastid and morphological analysis, and nomenclatural combinations in Cenchrus. Annals of Botany 106: 107 -130.

Chen, S. and G. Zhu. 2006. Tribe Triticeae. Pages 386-444 in Z. Wu, P. Raven, and D. Hong (editors), Flora of China. Vol. 22 (Poaceae). Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Chiapella, J. 2007. A molecular phylogenetic study of Deschampsia (Poaceae: Aveneae) inferred from nuclear ITS and plastid trnL sequence data: support for the recognition of Avenella and Vahlodea. Taxon 56: 55–64.

Clausen, R. T. 1940. Azolla filiculoides on Long Island. American Fern Journal 30: 103–104.

-----. 1949. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Cayuga Quadrangle, 42°-43° N., 76°-77° W. Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Clemants, S.E. 1990. Juncaceae (rush family) of New York State. New York State Museum Bulletin 475. The University of the State of New York, Albany, NY, USA.

Clute, W.N. 1898. The Flora of the Upper Susquehanna and its Tributaries. Willard N. Clute & Co., Binghamton, NY, USA.

Coker, W. 1943. Magnolia cordata Michaux. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 59: 81-88.

Conard, H. 1905. The waterlilies: A monograph of the genus Nymphaea. Publication of the Carnegie Institute of Washington 4: 1-279.

Conover, M. (editor). 2007. Plant sightings. Newsletter of the Long Island Botanical Society 17: 34.

Consaul, L.L., L.J. Gillespie, and M.J. Waterway. 2008. Systematics of North American arctic diploid Puccinellia (Poaceae): morphology, DNA content, and AFLP markers. Systematic Botany 33: 251-261.

Consaul, L.L., L.J. Gillespie, and M.J. Waterway. 2010. Evolution and polyploid origins in North American arctic Puccinellia (Poaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal spacer and chloroplast DNA sequences. American Journal of Botany 97: 324–336.

Cope, E.A. 1994. Further notes on beachgrasses (Ammophila) in northeastern North America. New York Flora Association Newsletter 5(2): 5-7.

Cusick, A.W., R.K. Rabeler, and M.J. Oldham. 2002. Hard or fairgrounds grass (Sclerochloa dura, Poaceae) in the Great Lakes region. The Michigan Botanist 41: 125–135.

Daniel, S. and D. Werier. 2009. Slender false brome (Brachypodium sylvaticum ssp. sylvaticum) A new invasive plant in New York. Solidago: The Newsletter of the Finger Lakes Native Plant Society 10(3): 1, 12-13. Reprinted in 2010 in the NYFA (New York Flora Association) newsletter 21(1): 1-5.

Davis, J.I., and L.L. Consaul. 2007. Puccinellia Parl. Pages 459-477 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, L. Anderton, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 24, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Delisle-Oldham, M.B., M.J. Oldham, and P.M. Catling. 2008. Taxonomic recognition of Ammophila champlainensis and morphological variation in northeastern North American Ammophila (Poaceae). Rhodora 110: 129–156.

Domville, M. and H. Dunbar. 1970. The Flora of Ulster County, New York. An Annotated List of Vascular Plants. John Burroughs Natural History Society. Bulletin No. 8. John Burroughs Natural History Society, Woodstock, NY, USA.

Dostál, J. 1976. Centaurea L. Pages 254-301 in T.G. Tutin, V.H. Heywood, N.A. Burges, D.M. Moore, D.H. Valentine, S.M. Walters, and D.A. Webb (editors), Flora Europaea. Volume 4: Plantaginaceae to Compositae (and Rubiaceae). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England.

Dudley, W.R. 1886. The Cayuga Flora. Andrus and Church, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Dutton, B.E., C.S. Keener, and B.A. Ford. 1997. Anemone Linnaeus. Pages 139–158 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 3, Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Eaton, A.A. 1903. Three new varieties of Isoetes. Rhodora 5: 277–280.

Eaton, S.W. and E.F. Schrot. 1987. A Flora of the Vascular Plants of Cattaraugus County, New York. Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences. Vol. 31. Partners Press, Kenmore, NY, USA.

Elven, R. (editor). 2007 onwards. Checklist of the panarctic flora (PAF) vascular plants. Version: May 2007. http://www.binran.ru/infsys/paflist/index.htm

Evrard, C. and C.V. Hove. 2004. Taxonomy of the American Azolla species (Azollaceae): a critical review. Systematics and Geography of Plants 74: 301–318.

Fang, R.-C. and R.K. Brummitt. 1995. Calystegia R. Brown. Pages 286-288 in Z.Y. Wu and P.H. Raven (editors), Flora of China. Volume 16, (Gentianaceae through Boraginaceae). Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Farrar, D.R. 1992. Trichomanes intricatum: The independent Trichomanes gametophyte in the eastern United States. American Fern Journal 82: 68–74.

-----, J.C. Parks, and B.W. McAlpin. 1983. The fern genera Vittaria and Trichomanes in the northeastern United States. Rhodora 85: 83–92.

Fassett, N.C. 1953. A monograph of Cabomba. Castanea 18: 116-128.

Faust, M.E. 1961. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Onondaga County, New York. Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA.

Fernald, M.L. 1913. Nuttall's white sassafras. Rhodora 15: 14-18.

-----. 1913b. The indigenous varieties of Prunella vulgaris in North America. Rhodora 15: 179-186.

-----. 1930. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University - No. LXXXVII. IV. The complex Bromus ciliatus. Rhodora 32: 63-71.

-----. 1937. IV. Nomenclatural transfers and new varieties and forms. Rhodora 39: 309-320.

-----. 1941. Another century of additions to the flora of Virginia. Rhodora 43: 485-553, plate 620.

-----. 1943. Eastern extension of Cirsium flodmani. Rhodora 45: 356.

-----. 1950. Gray's Manual of Botany. Eighth edition. Corrected printing 1970 (corrections supplied by R.C. Rollins). Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, NY, USA.

Finot, V.L., P.M. Peterson, R.J. Soreng, and F.O. Zuloaga. 2005. A revision of Trisetum and Graphephorum (Poaceae: Pooideae: Aveninae) in North America north of Mexico. Sida 21: 1419-1453.

Frankton, C. and R.J. Moore. 1961. Cytotaxonomy, phylogeny, and Canadian distribution of Cirsium undulatum and Cirsium flodmanii. Candian Journal of Botany 39: 21-33.

Ganders, F.R., M. Berbee, and M. Pirseyedi. 2000. ITS base sequence phylogeny in Bidens (Asteraceae): evidence for the continental relatives of Hawaiian and Marquesan Bidens. Systematic Botany 25: 122-133.

Gillis, W.T. 1971. The systematics and ecology of poison-ivy and the poison-oaks (Toxicodendron, Anacardiaceae). Rhodora 73: 72-159, 161-237, 370-443, 465-540.

Gleason, H.A. and A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden. D. Van Nostrand Company, New York, NY, USA.

----- and -----. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY USA.

Godfrey, R.K. and J.W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States: Dicotyledons. University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

Greene, C. 1980. The systematics of Calamagrostis (Gramineae) in eastern North America. Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Greller, A.M., V. Dankel, and D.C. Locke. 2006. Habitat observations of Geum vernum in Kings Point Park, Long Island, and a discussion of the species' potential invasiveness in New York State. Urban Habitats 4: 133-141.

Guzmán, B. and P. Vargas. 2009. Historical biogeography and character evolution of Cistaceae (Malvales) based on analysis of plastid rbcL and trnL-trnF sequences. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 9: 83-99.

Hardin, J.W. 1954. An analysis of variation within Magnolia acuminata L. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 70: 298-312.

-----. 1984. The demoulin rule in nomenclature. Sida 10: 252.

----- and K.A. Jones. 1989. Atlas of foliar surface features in woody plants, X. Magnoliaceae of the United States. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 116: 164-173.

Harvey, M. 2007. Agrostis L. Pages 633-662 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee and M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, L. Anderton, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 24, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Haynes, R.R. and C.B. Hellquist. 2000. Alismataceae Ventenat. Pages 7-25 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 22, Magnoliophyta: Alismatidae, Arecidae, Commelinidae (in part), and Zingiberidae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Hitchcock, A.S. and A. Chase. 1951. Manual of the grasses of the United States, second edition. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publication No. 200. Reprinted in 1971 by Dover Publications, New York, NY, USA.

Hodgdon, A.R. and F. Steele 1966. Rubus subgenus Eubatus in New England: a conspectus. Rhodora 68: 474-513.

Hollick, A. and N.L. Britton. 1879. The Flora of Richmond County, New York. Published by the authors, Staten Island, NY, USA.

----- and -----. 1882. Flora of Richmond Co., N. Y. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 9: 149-151.

----- and -----. 1895. Flora of Richmond Co., N. Y. Additions and new localities, 1891-1895, appendix no. 7. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 22: 460-462.

Holmes, W.C. 2002. Smilacaceae Ventenat. Pages 468-478 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 26, Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Holmgren, P.K., and N.H. Holmgren. 1998-present [continuously updated]. Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden's Virtual Herbarium. Bronx, NY, USA. http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/

House, H.D. 1915. Report of the state botanist. Pages 50-53 in eleventh report of the director of the state museum and science department. New York State Museum Bulletin 177. University of the State of New York, Albany, NY, USA.

-----. 1917. Report of the State Botanist 1916. New York State Museum Bulletin 197. The University of the State of New York, Albany, NY, USA.

-----. 1918. Wildflowers of New York. Part 1. New York State Museum Memoir 15. The University of the State of New York, Albany, NY, USA.

-----. 1924. Annotated List of the Ferns and Flowering Plants of New York State. New York State Museum Bulletin 254. The University of the State of New York, Albany, NY, USA.

-----. 1939. Office of botany. Pages 93-99 in a summary of the accomplishments and functions of the New York State Museum, during the past century, 1836-1936. 101st Annual Report of the New York State Museum. New York State Museum Bulletin 317. University of the State of New York, Albany, NY, USA.

Howard, T.G., J.M. Saarela, B. Paszko, P.M. Peterson, and D. Werier. 2009. New records and a taxonomic review of Calamagrostis perplexa (Poaceae: Poeae: Agrostidinae), a New York State endemic grass. Rhodora 111: 155-170.

Huber, H. 1993. Aristolochiaceae. Pages 129-137 in K. Kubitzki, J. Rohwer, and V. Bittrich (editors), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Volume II. Springer, Berlin, Germany.

Jackson, R. 1960. A revision of the genus Iva L. The University of Kansas Science Bulletin 7: 793-876.

Jelliffe, S.E. 1899. The flora of Long Island. The New Era Printing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA.

-----. 1904. Additions to "the flora of Long Island". Torreya 4: 97-100.

Johnson, G.P. 1997. Calycanthaceae Lindley. Pages 23-25 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 3, Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Judd, W.S., and K.A. Kron. 2009. Rhododendron Linnaeus. Pages 455-473 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 8, Magnoliophyta: Paeoniaceae to Ericaceae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Judd, W., N. Melvin, K. Waselkov, and K. Kron. 2012. Taxonomic revision of Eubotrys (Ericaceae, Gaultherieae). Brittonia 64: 165–178.

Kalkman, C. 2004. Rosaceae. Pages 343-386 in K. Kubitzki (editor), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Volume VI. Flowering Plants Dicotyledons. Celastrales, Oxalidales, Rosales, Cornales, Ericales. Springer, Berlin, Germany.

Karis, P.O. 1995. Cladistics of the subtribe Ambrosiinae (Asteraceae: Heliantheae). Systematic Botany 20: 40-54.

Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonomized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Volume 1-Checklist. Volume 2-Thesaurus.Timber Press, Portland, OR, USA.

Keil, D.J. 2006. Acroptilon Cassini. Pages 171-172 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 19, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 6: Asteraceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----. 2006b. Carduus Linnaeus. Pages 91-94 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 19, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 6: Asteraceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----. 2006c. Cirsium Miller. Pages 95-164 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 19, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 6: Asteraceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----. 2006d. Arctium Linnaeus. Pages 168-171 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 19, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 6: Asteraceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

----- and J. Ochsmann. 2006. Centaurea L. Pages 181-194 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 19, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 6: Asteraceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Kelly, L. M., and F. González. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships in Aristolochiaceae. Systematic Botany 28: 236-249.

Khalaf, M., and C. Stace. 2001. The distinction between Cerastium tomentosum L. and C. biebersteinii DC. (Caryophyllaceae), and their occurrence in the wild in Britain. Watsonia 23: 481-491.

Lamont, E.E. 2008. Status of Solidago erecta (Asteraceae) in New York. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 135: 595-599.

-----, S.D. Glenn, and S.M. Young. 2011. Noteworthy plants reported from the Torrey Range—2009 and 2010. The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 138: 472–484.

----- and S.M. Young. 2004. Noteworthy plants reported from the Torrey range: 2002 and 2003. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 131: 394-402.

----- and -----. 2005. Juncus diffusissimus, an addition to the flora of New York, with notes on its recent spread in the United States. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 132: 635–643.

Lehtonen, S. and L. Myllys. 2008. Cladistic analysis of Echinodorus (Alismataceae): simultaneous analysis of molecular and morphological data. Cladistics 24: 218–239.

Lellinger, D.B. 1981. Notes on North American Ferns. American Fern Journal 71: 90-94.

Les, D.H. and R.L. Stuckey. 1985. The introduction and spread of Veronica beccabunga (Scrophulariaceae) in eastern North America. Rhodora 87: 503–515.

Long, R.W. 1954. Synopsis of Helianthus giganteus L. and related species. Rhodora 56: 198-203.

-----. 1955. Hybridization between the perennial sunflowers Helianthus salicifolius A. Dietr. and H. grosseserratus Martens. American Midland Naturalist 54: 61-64.

Long Island Botanical Society Flora Committee. 1996. Preliminary Atlas of the Magnoliideae on Long Island, N.Y., Part 1. Newsletter of the Long Island Botanical Society 6: 41-44.

Löve, Á. and O.T. Solbrig. 1964. IOPB Chromosome Number Reports II. Taxon 13: 201-209.

Ma, J., W. Cao, Q. Liu, M. Yu, and L. Han. 2006. A revision of Phellodendron (Rutaceae). Edinburgh Journal of Botany 63: 131–151.

----- and A.R. Branch. 2007. The identity of cultivated Phellodendron (Rutaceae) in North America. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 1:357–365.

Mackenzie, K.K. 1931-1935. Cyperaceae. North American Flora Volume 18: 1-478.

Marr, K.L., R.J. Hebda, and C.W. Greene. 2007. Calamagrostis Adans. Pages 706-732 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, L. Anderton, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 24, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Mastrogiuseppe, J., P.E. Rothrock, A.C. Dibble, and A.A. Reznicek. 2002. Carex Linneaus sect. Ovales Kunth. Pages 332-378 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 23, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Cyperaceae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Mangaly, J.K. 1968. A cytotaxonomic study of the herbaceous species of Smilax: section Coprosmanthus. Rhodora 70: 55-82, 247-273.

Mathias, M.E. and L. Constance. 1944. Umbelliferae. North American Flora 28B. Part 1: 43-160.

Mavrodiev, E.V., P.S. Soltis, M.A. Gitzendanner, R.M. Baldini, and D. E. Soltis. 2007. Polyphyly of Tragopogon porrifolius L. (Asteraceae), a European native with intercontinental disjuncts. International Journal of Plant Sciences 168: 889–904

McDaniel, J.C. 1966. Variations in the sweet bay magnolias. Morris Arboretum Bulletin 17: 7-12.

McDearman, W.W. 1984. Systematics of Zigadenus densus and Z. leimanthoides and phylogentetic implications of breeding systems in the Veratreae. [Abstract] A.S.B. Bull. 31: 71.

McNeill, J. 2002. Scilla Linnaeus. Page 320 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 26, Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----, F. Barrie, H. Burdet, V. Demoulin, D. Hawksworth, K. Marhold, D. Nicolson, J. Prado, P. Silva, J. Skog, J. Wiersema, and N. Turland. 2006. International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna Code). Regnum Vegetabile 146. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag KG.

McVaugh, R. 1958. Flora of the Columbia County Area, New York. New York State Museum Bulletin 360. The University of the State of New York, Albany, NY, USA.

Meideris, A. 1980. Agropyron Gaertner. Pages 198-200 in T. Tutin, V. Heywood, N. Burges, D. Moore, D. Valentine, S. Walters, and D. Webb (editors), Flora Europaea. Volume 5: Alismitaceae to Orchidaceae. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England.

Meyer, F.G. 1997. Magnoliaceae Jussieu. Pages 3-10 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 3, Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Miao, B., B.L. Turner, and T.J. Mabry. 1995a. Chloroplast DNA variations in sect. Cyclachaena of Iva (Asteraceae). American Journal of Botany 82: 919-923.

-----, -----, and -----. 1995b. Systematics implications of chloroplast DNA variation in the subtribe Ambrosiinae (Asteraceae: Heliantheae). American Journal of Botany 82: 924-932.

Michaux, A. 1803. Flora boreali-americana. (2 volumes). Typis Caroli Crapelet; apud Fratres Levrault, Paris, France.

Millspaugh, C.F. 1885. Broome County (NY) finds. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 12: 100-102.

Mitchell, R.S. 1983. Berberidaceae through Fumariaceae of New York State. New York State Museum Bulletin 451. The University of the State of New York, Albany, NY, USA.

-----. 1984. Atlas of New York State Ferns. New York State Museum Bulletin 486. The University of the State of New York, Albany, NY, USA.

-----. 1986. A Checklist of New York State Plants. New York State Museum Bulletin 458. The University of the State of New York. The State Education Department, Albany, NY, USA.

-----. 1993. Portulacaceae through Caryophyllaceae of New York State. New York State Museum Bulletin 486. The University of the State of New York, Albany, NY, USA.

-----. 2003. Database and Revised Checklist of New York State plants. Part 1) A Database of New York State Plants. In Microsoft Access™. Part 2) Mitchell, R.S. and G.C. Tucker, Revised Checklist of New York State Plants, Edition IV. In Microsoft Word™. Distributed in CD-ROM format. New York State Museum Publications, Albany, NY, USA.

----- and E.O. Beal. 1979. Magnoliaceae through Ceratophyllaceae of New York State. New York State Museum Bulletin 435. The University of the State of New York. The State Education Department, Albany, NY, USA.

----- and J.K. Dean. 1982. Ranunculaceae (crowfoot family) of New York State. New York State Museum Bulletin 446. The University of the State of New York, The State Education Department, Albany, NY, USA.

----- and G.C. Tucker. 1997. Revised Checklist of New York State Plants. New York State Museum Bulletin 490. The University of the State of New York. The State Education Department, Albany, NY, USA.

----- and G.C. Tucker. 2003. Revised Checklist of New York State Plants, Edition IV. In Microsoft Word™. Distributed in CD-ROM format. New York State Museum Publications, Albany, NY, USA.

Moore, R. 1972. Distribution of native and introduced knapweeds (Centaurea) in Canada and the United States. Rhodora 74: 331-346.

Morefield, J.D. 2006. Logfia Cassini. Pages 443-447 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 19, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 6: Asteraceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Morgan, E.C. 2012. Stand dynamics of a 46-year invasion by Phellodendron amurense Rupr. in an eastern North American forest. Castanea 77: 21–27.

Morton, J.K. 2005. Cerastium Linnaeus. Pages 74-93 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 5, Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllidae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----. 2005b. Stellaria Linnaeus. Pages 96-114 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 5, Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllidae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Mosyakin, S.L. 2003. Salsola Linnaeus. Pages 398-403 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 4, Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllidae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Naczi, R.F.C. and J.W. Thieret. 1996. Invasion and spread of Coincya monensis (Brassicaceae) in North America. Sida 17: 43-53.

Neinhuis, C., S. Wanke, K.W. Hilu, K. Müller, and T. Borsch. 2005. Phylogeny of Aristolochiaceae based on parsimony, likelihood, and Bayesian analyses of trnL-trnF sequences. Plant Systematics & Evolution 250: 7-26.

Nelson, A. P. 1964. Relationships between two subspecies in a population of Prunella vulgaris L. Evolution 18: 43-51.

Nesom, G.L. 2001. Notes on variation in Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae). Sida 19: 615-619.

Nesom, G.L. 2006. Erigeron Linnaeus. Pages 256-348 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 20, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 7: Asteraceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----. 2009. Again: taxonomy of yellow-flowered caulescent Oxalis (Oxalidaceae) in eastern North America. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 727-738.

----- and K.N. Gandhi. 2009. Proposals to conserve the names Photinia, with a conserved type, and Heteromeles (Rosaceae). Taxon 58: 310-311.

New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary Vouchered Atlas of New York State Flora. The New York State Museum Institute. Albany, NY, USA. 496 pages.

Nicely, K.A. 1965. A Monographic Study of the Calycanthaceae. Castanea 30: 38-81.

Ohi-Toma, T., T. Sugawara, H. Murata, S. Wanke, C. Neinhuis, and J. Murata. 2006. Molecular phylogeny of Aristolochia sensu lato (Aristolochiaceae) based on sequences of rbcL, matK, and phyA genes, with special reference to differentiation of chromosome numbers. Systematic Botany 31: 481-492.

Padgett, D.J. 1998. Phenetic distinction between the dwarf yellow water-lilies: Nuphar microphylla and N. pumila (Nymphaeacaea). Canadian Journal of Botany 76: 1755-1762.

-----. 2007. A monograph of Nuphar (Nymphaeaceae). Rhodora 109: 1-95.

-----, D.H. Les, and G.E. Crow. 1998. Evidence for the hybrid origin of Nuphar x rubrodisca (Nymphaeaceae). American Journal of Botany 85: 1468-1476.

Paine, J.A. Jr. 1865. Catalogue of Plants Found in Oneida County and Vicinity. 18th Annual Report of the Regents of the State of New York, Albany, NY, USA.

Parks, J.C. and D.R. Farrar. 1984. A first report of the fern genus Vittaria in New York. Rhodora 86: 421–423.

Pavlick, L.E. and L.K. Anderton. 2007. Bromus L. Pages 193-237 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, L. Anderton, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 24, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Peck, C.H. 1899. Report of the State Botanist 1898. New York State Museum Bulletin 25 . The University of the State of New York, Albany, NY, USA.

Pereira, M.P., G.E. Pérez, and E.S. Balbuena. 2007. European sweet vernal grasses (Anthoxanthum: Poaceae, Pooideae, Aveneae): a morphometric taxonomical approach. Systematic Botany 32: 43-59.

Peterson, P.M. 2003. Eragrostis Wolf. Pages 65-105 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 25, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----. 2003b. Muhlenbergia Schreb. Pages 145-200 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 25, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----, S.L. Hatch, and A.S. Weakley. 2003. Sporobolus R. Br. Pages 115-139 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 25, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Phipps, J.B., S. Cafferty, and J.A. Macklin. 2003. Lectotypification of Crataegus coccinea L. and its conspecificity with C. pedicellata Sarg. (Rosaceae). Taxon 52: 337-338.

Pierce, M.E. 1976. Survey of land plants of the Thompson pond preserve. Pages 1-14 (Chapter 3) in P.S. Busch (editor), The Ecology of Thompson Pond in Dutchess County, New York: Contributed Papers. Published jointly by the Thompson Pond Preserve Committee and the Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA, USA.

Potter, D., T. Eriksson, R. Evans, S. Oh, J. Smedmark, D. Morgan, M. Kerr, K. Robertson, M. Arsenault, T. Dickinson, and C.S. Campbell. 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution 266: 5-43.

Puff, C. 1976. The Galium trifidum group (Galium sect. Aparinoides, Rubiaceae). Can. J. Bot. 54: 1911-1925.

Raveill, J.A. 2002. Allozyme evidence for the hybrid origin of Desmodium humifusum (Fabaceae). Rhodora 104: 253-270.

Rehder, A. 1940. Manual of Cultivated Trees and Shrubs, 2nd edition revised and enlarged. Macmillan Co., New York, NY, USA.

Reveal, J.L. and F.R. Barrie. 1991. On the identity of Hedysarum violaceum Linnaeus (Fabaceae). Phytologia 71: 456-461.

Rilke, S. 1999. Revision der Sektion Salsola s.l. der Gattung Salsola (Chenopodiaceae). Bibliotheca Botanica (Stuttgart) 149: 1-190.

Robertson, K.R., J.B. Phipps, J.R. Rohrer, and P.G. Smith. 1991. A Synopsis of genera in Maloideae (Rosaceae). Systematic Botany 16: 376-394.

Robinson, B.L., and M.L. Fernald. 1908. Gray's new manual of botany. Seventh edition. American Book Company, New York, NY, USA.

Rodman, J.E. 1974. Systematics and evolution of the genus Cakile (Cruciferae). Contributions from the Gray Herbarium 205: 3-146.

Rothrock, P.E., A.A. Reznicek, and A.L. Hipp. 2009. Taxonomic study of the Carex tenera group (Cyperaceae). Systematic Botany 34: 297-311.

Rowlee, W.W. and K.M. Wiegand. 1896. Salix candida Willd, and its hybrids. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 23: 194-201.

Saarela, J.M. 2008. Taxonomy of Bromus (Poaceae: Pooideae: Bromeae) sections Bromopsis, Bromus, and Genea in British Columbia, Canada. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 2: 323-372.

-----, P.M. Peterson, R.J. Soreng, and R.E. Chapman. 2003. A taxonomic revision of the eastern North American and eastern Asian disjunct genus Brachyelytrum (Poaceae): evidence from morphology, phytogeography and AFLP's. Systematic Botany 28: 675-692.

Schouten, Y. and J.F. Veldkamp. 1985. A revision of Anthoxanthum including Hierochloe Gramineae in Malesia and Thailand. Blumea 30: 319-352.

Schwartz, F.C. 2002. Zigadenus Michaux. Pages 81-88 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 26, Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Semple, J.C., and R.E. Cook. 2006. Solidago Linnaeus. Pages 107-166 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 20, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 7: Asteraceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----, S.B. Heard, and L. Brouillet. 2002. Cultivated and native asters of Ontario (Compositae: Astereae). Aster L. (including Asteromoea Blume, Diplactis Raf. and Kalimeris (Cass.) Cass.), Callistephus Cass., Galatella Cass., Doellingeria Nees, Oclemena E.L. Greene, Eurybia (Cass.) S.F. Gray, Canadanthus Nesom, and Symphyotrichum Nees (including Virgulus Raf.). University of Waterloo Biology Series 41. University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada.

Seymour, F.C. 1966. Ammophila champlainensis (Gramineae), a new species in New York and Vermont. Sida 2: 349-351.

Schneider, J., E. Doring, K.W. Hilu, and M. Roser. 2009. Phylogenetic structure of the grass subfamily Pooideae based on comparison of plastid matK gene3trnK exon and nuclear ITS sequences. Taxon 58: 405–424.

Shaw, R.B., R.D. Webster, and C.M. Bern. 2003. Eriochloa Kunth. Pages 507-515 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 25, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Sheviak, C.J. 2002. Cypripedium Linnaeus. Pages 499-507 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 26, Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Shultz, L.M. 2006. Artemisia L. Pages 503-534 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 19, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 6: Asteraceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Sorrie, B.A. and A.S. Weakley. 2007. Notes on the Gaylussacia dumosa complex (Ericaceae). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 1: 333-344.

Smith, S.G. 2002. Schoenoplectus (Reichenbach) Palla. Pages 44-60 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 23, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Cyperaceae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Smith, S.J. 1965. Checklist of the grasses of New York State. New York State Museum Bulletin No. 403. The University of the State of New York. The State Education Department, Albany, NY, USA.

Snow, N. 1997. Phylogeny and systematics of Leptochloa P. Beauv. sensu lato (Poaceae: Chloridoideae). Ph.D. dissertation, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA.

-----. 1998. Nomenclatural changes in Leptochloa P. Beauvois sensu lato (Poaceae, Chloridoideae). Novon 8: 77-80.

-----. 2003. Leptochloa P. Beauv. Pages 51-60 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee and M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 25, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Soreng, R.J. 2007. Poa L. Pages 486-601 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, L. Anderton, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 24, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----. 2010. Coleataenia Griseb. (1879): the correct name for Sorengia Zuloaga & Morrone (2010) (Poaceae: Paniceae). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 4: 691-692.

-----, P.M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E.J. Judziewicz, F.O. Zuloaga, T.S. Filgueiras, and O. Morrone. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 48: 1-730.

Sørensen, T. 1954. New species of Hierochloe, Calamagrostis, and Braya. Meddelelser Om Gronland 136: 1-24.

Stace, C. 1997. New Flora of the British Isles. Second edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England.

Standley, L.A. 2007. Koeleria Pers. Pages 753-755 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, M. Barkworth, K. Capels, S. Long, L. Anderton, and M. Piep (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 24, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Steinmann, V.W. and J.M. Porter. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships in Euphorbieae (Euphorbiaceae) based on ITS and ndhF sequence data. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 89: 453-490.

Stern, R.J. 1983. Morphometric and phenologic variability in Ammophila breviligulata Fernald. M.S. thesis, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA.

Strother, J.L. 2006. Acanthospermum Schrank. Pages 36-37 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 21, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 8: Asteraceae, part 3. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----. 2006b. Arnoseris Gaertner. Pages 276-277 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 19, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 6: Asteraceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----. 2006. Nipponanthemum (Kitamura) Kitamura. Pages 555-556 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 19, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 6: Asteraceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Suárez-Santiago, V.N., C.D. de la Guardia, D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis, and G. Blanca. 2011. Tragopogon lainzii a new species of Tragopogon (Asteraceae) segregated from T. dubius: evidence from morphological and molecular data. Systematic Botany 36: 470–480.

Taylor, N. 1915. Flora of the vicinity of New York. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 5: 1-683.

Torrey, G.S. 1914. Two yellow-fruited shrubs. Rhodora 16: 91-92.

Torrey, J. 1843. Flora of the State of New York. Volume 1 and 2. Carroll and Cook, Printers to the Assembly, Albany, NY, USA.

Torrey, R.H. 1931. Catskill trip, May 30-31. Torreya 31: 121-123.

Tricker, W. 1916. Nelumbium in cultivation. Pages 2117-2118 in L.H. Bailey, The Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. Volume IV. L-O. Macmillan Co., New York, NY, USA.

Tucker, G.C. 1992. Our beachgrasses (Ammophila), including the rare Champlain beachgrass. New York Flora Association Newsletter 3(1): 4.

-----. 1996. The genera of Poöideae (Gramineae) in the southeastern United States. Harvard Papers in Botany 9: 11-90.

Tutin, T. 1980. Aira L. Pages 227-228 in T.G. Tutin, V. Heywood, N. Burges, D. Moore, D. Valentine, S. Walters, and D. Webb (editors), Flora Europaea. Volume 5: Alismataceae to Orchidaceae. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England.

Trock, D.K. 2006. Achillea L. Pages 492-494 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 19, Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, part 6: Asteraceae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

 USDA, NRCS. 2012. The PLANTS Database http://plants.usda.gov (Accessed 1 December 2012). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1988. National list of vascular plant species that occur in wetlands. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Biological Report 88 (26.9).

Valdespino, I.A. 2003. Selaginellaceae Willkomm. Pages 38-63 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 2, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Vander Kloet, S.P. and T.A. Dickinson. 1999. The Taxonomy of Vaccinium Section Myrtillus (Ericaceae) Brittonia 51: 231-254.

van der Werff, H. 1997. Sassafras J. Presl. Pages 29-30 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editor). Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 3, Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan Flora. Part II. Dicots (Saururaceae-Cornaceae). Cranbrook Institute of Science Bullentin 59 and University of Michigan Herbarium, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

-----. 1996. Michigan Flora. Part III. Dicots (Pyrolaceae-Compositae). Cranbrook Institute of Science Bulletin 61 and University of Michigan Herbarium, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Wagner, W.H. Jr., R.C. Moran, and C.R. Werth. 1993. Aspleniaceae Newman. Pages 228-245 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 2, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Walker, P.J. 1998. Biogeography, speciation, and concerted evolution in Ammophila (Poaceae): Infraspecific variation in the internal transcribed spacer of nuclear ribosomal DNA. M.S. thesis, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA.

-----, C.A. Paris, and D.S. Barrington. 1998. Taxonomy and phylogeography of the North American beachgrasses [abstract]. American Journal of Botany 85 (Supplement): 87.

Wanke, S., F. González, and C. Neinhuis. 2006. Systematics of pipevines: combining morphological and fast evolving molecular characters to investigate the relationships within subfamily Aristolochioideae (Aristolochiaceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 167: 1215-1227.

Ward, D.B. 2009. Scientific Note: Arundinaria gigantea and Arundinaria macrosperma, the correct names respectively for the switch cane and the giant cane. Castanea 74: 189–195.

-----. 2010. Thomas Walter’s species of Melanthium (Liliaceae). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 4: 303–307.

Warners, D.P. and D.C. Laughlin. 1999. Evidence for a species-level distinction of two co-occurring asters: Aster puniceus L. and Aster firmus Nees. The Michigan Botanist 38: 19-31.

Weakley, A.S. 2008. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and Surrounding Areas. Working Draft of 7 April 2008. University of North Carolina Herbarium, North Carolina Botanical Garden, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

-----. 2010. Flora of the southern and mid-Atlantic states. Working draft of 8 March 2010. University of North Carolina Herbarium, North Carolina Botanical Garden, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Weldy, T., R. Mitchell, and R. Ingalls. 2002. New York Flora Atlas (accessed online at http://nyflora.org/atlas/atlas.htm). New York Flora Association, New York State Museum, Albany, NY, USA.

Werier, D.A. and R.F.C. Naczi. 2012. Carex secalina (Cyperaceae), an introduced sedge new to North America. Rhodora 114: 349–365.

Whittemore, A.T., M.R. Mesler, and K.L. Lu. 1997. Asarum Linnaeus. Pages 50-53 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, editor. Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 3, Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Wibbe, J.H. 1883. Notes from central New York. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 10: 46-47.

Wiegand, K.M. 1897. Galium trifidum and its North American allies. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 24: 89-403.

-----. 1910. The affinities of a certain boreal variety of Galium. Rhodora 12: 228-230.

----- and A. Eames. 1926. The Flora of The Cayuga Lake Basin. Cornell University Agricultural Experimental Station. Memoir 92. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Wiersema, J.H. 1997. Nymphaea Linnaeus. Pages 71-77 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 3, Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----. 1997b. Nelumbonaceae Dumortier. Pages 64-65 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors). Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 3, Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

----- and C.B. Hellquist. 1994. Nomenclatural notes in Nymphaeaceae for the North American Flora. Rhodora 96: 170-178.

----- and -----. 1997. Nuphar Smith. Pages 67-71 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 3, Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Wilbur, R.L. 2002. The identity and history of Myrica caroliniensis (Myricaceae). Rhodora 104: 31-41.

-----. 2003. What is the correct name for the bristly greenbrier? Rhodora 105: 250-259.

Windham, M.D. and I.A. Al-Shehbaz. 2007. New and noteworthy species of Boechera (Brassicaceae) III: additional sexual diploids and apomictic hybrids. Harvard Papers in Botany 12: 235–257.

Wofford, B.E. 1997. Lindera Thunberg. Pages 27-29 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors), Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Volume 3, Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.

-----. 2006. A new species of Stenanthium (Melianthaceae) from Tennessee, U.S.A. Sida 22: 447-459.

Woods, K., K.W. Hilu, J.H. Wiersema, and T. Borsch. 2005. Pattern of Variation and Systematics of Nymphaea odorata: I. Evidence from Morphology and Inter-Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSRs). Systematic Botany 30: 471-480.

-----, -----, T. Borsch, and J. H. Wiersema. 2005b. Pattern of Variation and Systematics of Nymphaea odorata: II. Sequence Information from ITS and trnL-trnF. Systematic Botany 30: 481-493.

Wunderlin, R.P. and B.F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/).[S. M. Landry and K. N. Campbell (application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research.] Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa.

Young, S. 1994. Significant botanical discoveries of 1993. New York Flora Association Newsletter 5(2): 5.

Zhang, Z., A. Lu, and W.G. D'Arcy. 1994. Solanaceae. Pages 300-332 in Wu, Z.Y. and P.H. Raven (editors), Flora of China. Volume 17, (Verbenaceae through Solanaceae). Science Press, Beijing, China.

Zika, P.F. 1991. Status of Salix pellita (Salicaceae) in New York State. Rhodora 93: 195-197.

Zimmer, B. 1999. Report of the committee for Pteridophyta: 14. Taxon 48: 133-134.

Zomlefer, W.B. 2012. Validation of the name Veratrum hybridum (Liliales, Melanthiaceae): the correct name for crisped bunch-flower. Novon 22: 125–127.

----- and W.S. Judd. 2002. Resurrection of segregates of the polyphyletic genus Zigadenus s.l. (Liliales: Melanthiaceae) and resulting new combinations. Novon 12: 299-308.

-----, -----, W.M. Whitten, and N.H. Williams. 2006. A synopsis of Melanthiaceae (Liliales) with focus on character evolution in tribe Melanthieae. Aliso 22: 566-578.

----- and G.L. Smith. 2002. Documented chromosome numbers 2002: 1. Chromosome number of Stenanthium (Liliales: Melanthiaceae) and its significance in the taxonomy of tribe Melanthieae. Sida 20: 221–226.

-----, W.M. Whitten, N.H. Williams, and W.S. Judd. 2003. An overview of Veratrum s.l. (Liliales: Melanthiaceae) and an infrageneric phylogeny based on ITS sequence data. Systematic Botany 28: 250–269.

-----, N.H. Williams, W.M. Whitten, and W.S. Judd. 2001. Generic circumscription and relationships in the tribe Melanthieae (Liliales, Melanthiaceae), with emphasis on Zigadenus: evidence from ITS and trnL-F sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 1657-1669.

Zuloaga, F.O., M.A. Scataglini, and O. Morrone. 2010. A phylogenetic evaluation of Panicum sects. Agrostoidea, Megista, Prionitia and Tenera (Panicoideae, Poaceae): Two new genera, Stephostachys and Sorengia. Taxon 59: 1535-1546.

Contact the authors:

Troy Weldy
David Werier
New York Flora Association
New York State Museum

3140 CEC

Albany, NY 12230

Attn: New York Flora Atlas

Back to top