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Phalaris arundinacea

Family:Poaceae
Species:Phalaris arundinacea L.
Common Name:reed canary grass
Habitat:Marshes, ditches, wet successional fields, wet hayfields, edges of ponds, stream banks, and openings in swamps. This species appears to do extremely well in areas with nutrient rich run off and often occurs in large dense populations.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Graminoid
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
Plant Notes:Strong evidence indicates that native genotypes of this species formerly occurred in New York but are likely extirpated or very rare in the state (Jakubowski et al. 2012, 2014, Nelson et al. 2014). Plants of Phalaris arundinacea that are currently common throughout New York are very likely all the nonnative genotype (Jakubowski et al. 2014). The nonnative genotype appears to be highly invasive in New York. It should not be used when planting native plants is desired. Similar to Phragmites australis / P. americanus, further research may show that the native and nonnative genotypes of Phalaris arundinacea deserve recognition as distinct taxa. This research should be a high priority. The Srank for this species in New York represents the native genotypes.
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI), OBL (NWI), G5 (Global Rank), CoC: 0
References:**

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

SupraordinalMonocots
Order Poales
FamilyPoaceae
Genus Phalaris
Species Phalaris arundinacea L. - reed canary grass

Citation

Citation Phalaris arundinacea L.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyYearHerbariaNotesSubmission Info
Albany  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Albany1998 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Allegany  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Bronx  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Bronx1995 BKL – BKL00079166
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Broome  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Cattaraugus  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Cayuga  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Chautauqua  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Chautauqua1993 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Chemung  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Chenango  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Clinton  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Columbia1991 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Columbia  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Columbia1997 BKL – BKL00091582
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Cortland  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Delaware  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Dutchess  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Dutchess1994 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Erie  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Essex  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Franklin  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Fulton2007 SUCO – 9605
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  6/28/2013 - Connie Tedesco
Fulton2007 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  6/28/2013 - Connie Tedesco
Genesee  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Hamilton  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Herkimer  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Herkimer1932 BKL – BKL00079172
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Jefferson  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Lewis  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Livingston  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Madison  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Monroe  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Montgomery2005 FMCC
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
Town of Charleston 8/30/2009 - Connie Tedesco
Montgomery  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Nassau  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Nassau1980 OBPF – Log_num: HH34
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea var. picta
   
Niagara  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Oneida  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Onondaga1945 RCFS – accession # 11734
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Onondaga1948 RCFS – accession # 11735
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Onondaga  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Ontario  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Orange1990 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Orange  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Orange2000 BKL – BKL00012672
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1993 BKL – BKL00079171
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1997 BKL – BKL00079169
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orange1992 BKL – BKL00079170
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Orleans1977 TAES – Accession #: 153898
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Oswego1987 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Oswego1970 RCFS – accession # 10595
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Oswego  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Otsego  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Otsego2004 SUCO
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
Town of Hartwick  
Putnam1989 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Queens  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Queens1991 BKL – BKL00081768
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rensselaer1999 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Rensselaer1997 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Rensselaer  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Richmond1989 BKL – BKL00079167
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Rockland1990 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Saratoga  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Schenectady  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Schoharie  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Schuyler  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
St. Lawrence1990 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
St. Lawrence  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
St. Lawrence1931 BH
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
Werier (2017) voucher!; W.C. Muenscher & B. Maguire 1938 3/6/2018 - David Werier
St. Lawrence1915 BKL – BKL00079168
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Steuben  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Suffolk1983 OBPF – Log_num: 7623
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Suffolk1993 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Suffolk1995 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Suffolk1991 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Suffolk  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Suffolk1962 BKL – BKL00080634
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk2008 BKL – BKL00090823
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Sullivan  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Tioga  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Tompkins  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Ulster1997 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Ulster2010 BKL – BKL00098340
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Ulster2009 BKL – BKL00093879
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Ulster2011 BKL – BKL00101470
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Ulster  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Ulster2009 BKL – BKL00095484
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Ulster2011 BKL – BKL00102727
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Warren1945 TAES – Accession #: 58798
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Warren  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Washington  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Wayne  BKL – BKL00079173
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Wayne  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Wayne1991 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Wayne1878 BKL – BKL00079174
Herbarium Name Used: Phalaris arundinacea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Yates  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   
Yates1950 BUPL
Herbarium Name Used: none Phalaris arundinacea
   

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymTypeNotes
Phalaris arundinacea var. picta Phalaris arundinacea L. var. picta L.