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Ammophila breviligulata

Family:Poaceae
Species:Ammophila breviligulata Fernald
Common Name:beach grass
Habitat:Maritime dunes and also planted and naturalizing along the shores of Lake Ontario.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Graminoid
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:Native North American Ammophila occurs on coastal sand dunes of eastern North America as well as inland on sand dunes of the Great Lakes, Lake Champlain, the St. Lawrence River, and Lac Saint-Jean, Quebec (Fernald 1950). Until the later half of the 20th century all native Ammophila was classified as A. breviligulata. In 1966 Ammophila champlainensis was described as distinct from A. breviligulata from plants along the edge of Lake Champlain (Seymour 1966). Since that time small as well as extensive studies have been conducted to determine the appropriate taxonomic status of these two taxa and their distribution (Stern 1983, Tucker 1992, Cope 1994, Walker 1998, Walker et al. 1998, Delisle-Oldham et al. 2008). It appears that all of the morphological characters that have been used to distinguish the two taxa overlap. Plants of A. champlainensis are generally smaller than A. breviligulata but the differences are not discrete (Delisle-Oldham et al. 2008). Plants of Ammophila from Lake Champlain and the Great Lakes flower considerably earlier than plants from the Atlantic Coast (Stern 1983) although Cope (1994) found some individuals from Lake Ontario populations that fit A. champlainensis morphologically but flowered late like A. breviligulata. Common garden experiments have shown that morphological and phenological differences are maintained under similar growing conditions (Stern 1983). On a molecular level native eastern North American Ammophila consists of four separate lineages: northern Atlantic Coast, southern Atlantic Coast, Lake Champlain / St. Lawrence River, and Great Lakes. In addition, the interior populations as a whole, representing the Lake Champlain / St. Lawrence River and Great Lakes populations, represent a distinct lineage (Walker 1998, Walker et al. 1998). Currently we recognize only a broadly circumscribed A. breviligulata.
Status:Native, UPL (NWI), FACU- (NWI), S5 (State Rank), G5 (Global Rank), CoC: 8
References:**

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

SupraordinalMonocots
Order Poales
FamilyPoaceae
Genus Ammophila
Species Ammophila breviligulata Fernald - beach grass

Citation

Citation Ammophila breviligulata Fernald
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyYearHerbariaNotesSubmission Info
Bronx  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
   
Clinton  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
   
Clinton1902 CONN
Herbarium Name Used: none Ammophila breviligulata ssp. breviligulata
   
Clinton1991 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Ammophila breviligulata ssp. champlainensis
   
Clinton1929 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Ammophila breviligulata ssp. champlainensis
   
Clinton1992 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Ammophila breviligulata ssp. champlainensis
   
Clinton1902 VT
Herbarium Name Used: none Ammophila breviligulata ssp. champlainensis
Type locality from Ausable Point  
Erie  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
   
Erie1999 BKL – BKL00062176
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Jefferson  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
   
Kings  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
   
Kings  BKL – BKL00062194
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1865 BKL – BKL00062197
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1896 BKL – BKL00062195
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings2007 BKL – BKL00086836
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings2003 BKL – BKL00025320
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1949 BKL – BKL00062185
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1936 BKL – BKL00062191
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1910 BKL – BKL00062188
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1986 BKL – BKL00062178
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Kings1892 BKL – BKL00062193
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Monroe  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
   
Nassau1947 BUPL
Herbarium Name Used: none Ammophila breviligulata ssp. breviligulata
   
Nassau  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
   
Nassau1871 BKL – BKL00062189
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Nassau1938 BH
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
Werier (2017) voucher!; W.C. Muenscher & O.F. Curtis Jr. 6940 3/6/2018 - David Werier
Nassau1898 BKL – BKL00062182
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Onondaga  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
   
Oswego  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
   
Oswego1967 RCFS – accession # 11592
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas 11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Queens  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
   
Queens1991 BKL – BKL00077146
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1916 BKL – BKL00062192
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1889 BKL – BKL00062190
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens2007 BKL – BKL00087348
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1892 BKL – BKL00062198
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1889 BKL – BKL00062181
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens1991 BKL – BKL00062186
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Queens2005 BKL – BKL00089383
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
   
Richmond1897 BKL – BKL00062183
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond1989 BKL – BKL00062168
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond1901 BKL – BKL00062171
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Richmond1899 CONN
Herbarium Name Used: none Ammophila breviligulata ssp. breviligulata
   
Suffolk1971 OBPF – Log_num: 10636
Herbarium Name Used: none Ammophila breviligulata ssp. breviligulata
   
Suffolk  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
   
Suffolk1978 OBPF – Log_num: GEL76
Herbarium Name Used: none Ammophila breviligulata ssp. breviligulata
   
Suffolk1911 BKL – BKL00062187
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1967 CONN
Herbarium Name Used: none Ammophila breviligulata ssp. breviligulata
   
Suffolk1914 BKL – BKL00062180
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1913 BKL – BKL00062184
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1872 BKL – BKL00077148
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1974 CONN
Herbarium Name Used: none Ammophila breviligulata ssp. breviligulata
   
Suffolk1911 BKL – BKL00077147
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk2002 BKL – BKL00026659
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Suffolk1931 BKL – BKL00062196
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
The identification of this specimen needs confirmation as the name submitted to the Atlas for this specimen is different than the name where we place this record in the Atlas. See "Herbarium Name Used" for the name submitted to the Atlas. 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Wayne  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
   
Wyoming  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: Ammophila breviligulata
   

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymTypeNotes
Ammophila breviligulata ssp. champlainensis Ammophila breviligulata Fernald ssp. champlainensis (F. Seym.) P.J. Walker, C.A. Paris & Barrington ex Barkworth   
Ammophila champlainensis Ammophila champlainensis F. Seym.