Abies balsamea

Family:Pinaceae
Species:Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.
Common Name:balsam fir
Habitat:Cool northern forests, swamps, and rich fens. A northern tree most common in high elevation sites where it can becomes a dominant tree. At the upper edges of the sub-alpine it forms krummholz. In lower elevation sites it is mostly restricted to poor or thin soils, or wetlands. Fens and rich swamps in central and western New York that have disjunct small patches of A. balsamea are known locally as fir-tree swamps.
Associated Ecological Communities:Alpine krummholz, Alvar woodland, Balsam flats, Limestone woodland, Mountain fir forest, Mountain spruce-fir forest, Northern white cedar rocky summit, Pine-northern hardwood forest, Rich hemlock-hardwood peat swamp, Spruce-fir rocky summit, Spruce-fir swamp, Spruce-northern hardwood forest, Spruce/fir plantation
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
Plant Notes:This tree is a popular choice for Christmas trees.
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI), S5 (State Rank), G5 (Global Rank), CoC: 6
References:**

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division Coniferophyta - Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Sub Class Pinidae
Order Pinales
FamilyPinaceae
Genus Abies
Species Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. - balsam fir

Citation

Citation Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyYearHerbariaNotesSubmission Info
Cattaraugus1984 BUF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Cattaraugus  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Cattaraugus1922 BUF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Cattaraugus1926 GH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Cattaraugus1931 BUF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Cattaraugus1977 BUF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Cattaraugus1931 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Cattaraugus1982 BUF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Chautauqua1931 BUF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Chautauqua1931 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Chautauqua1993 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Chautauqua1976 BUF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Chautauqua  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Chautauqua1994 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Chemung  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Chemung1938 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Clinton  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Delaware1909 NY
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Delaware  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Dutchess1913 NY
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Erie  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Erie1989 BUF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Erie1933 BUF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Essex1898 NY
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Essex1921 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Essex1929 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Essex1976 BUF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Essex1991 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Essex1967 SYRF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Essex1932 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Essex1985 NY
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Essex1938 PH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Essex  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Essex1934 PH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Essex1896 NY
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Essex1894 NY
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Franklin1921 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Franklin  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Fulton1950 BUPL
118
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Greene1924 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Greene1932 BKL
Herbarium Name Used: Abies balsamea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Greene1932 BKL
BKL00031052
Herbarium Name Used: Abies balsamea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Greene1989 CONN
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Greene  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Greene1918 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Greene1896 NY
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Greene1983 CONN
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Greene1909 NY
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Greene1930 NY
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Greene  NY
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Hamilton1985 NY
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Hamilton1927 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Hamilton1950 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Hamilton  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Herkimer  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Jefferson1931 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Jefferson1993 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Jefferson  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Lewis  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Madison  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Madison1939 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Madison1958 SYRF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Oneida  BKL
BKL00031053
Herbarium Name Used: Abies balsamea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Oneida  BKL
BKL00031058
Herbarium Name Used: Abies balsamea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Oneida  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Onondaga1949 SYRF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Onondaga1948 SYRF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Onondaga  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Onondaga1967 SYRF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Orleans1987 BUF
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Oswego1970 RCFS
accession # 10548
Herbarium Name Used: Abies balsamea
  11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Oswego1977 RCFS
accession # 11540
Herbarium Name Used: Abies balsamea
  11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson)
Otsego2011 SUCO
9634
Herbarium Name Used: Abies balsamea
  6/28/2013 - Connie Tedesco
Otsego  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Otsego1980 HHH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Queens  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Rensselaer  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Rensselaer1997 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Rensselaer1996 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
St. Lawrence1914 NY
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
St. Lawrence1916 BKL
BKL00031051
Herbarium Name Used: Abies balsamea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
St. Lawrence1934 GH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
St. Lawrence  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Steuben1924 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Steuben  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Steuben1937 PH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Steuben1941 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Steuben1937 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Sullivan1939 BKL
Herbarium Name Used: Abies balsamea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Sullivan1939 BKL
BKL00031057
Herbarium Name Used: Abies balsamea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Sullivan1924 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Sullivan1934 GH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Sullivan1934 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Sullivan1939 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Sullivan  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Tompkins1925 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Tompkins  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Tompkins1944 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Tompkins1919 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Tompkins1935 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Tompkins1881 S
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Tompkins1881 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Tompkins1918 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Tompkins1937 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Tompkins1934 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Tompkins1945 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Ulster1937 PH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Ulster2010 BKL
BKL00098706
Herbarium Name Used: Abies balsamea
  2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn)
Ulster1923 CONN
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Ulster  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Ulster1948 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Ulster1934 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Warren1900 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Warren1991 NYS
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Washington  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Washington1899 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Washington1900 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Washington1906 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Washington1897 BH
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Wyoming  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   
Yates  NYFA_1990
Herbarium Name Used: none Abies balsamea
   

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymTypeNotes
Abies balsamea var. phanerolepis Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. phanerolepis Fernald